This page is all about Earlswood Common nature reserve.
The Redhill and Earlswood Commons includes the areas known as the Earlswood Common. The Commons as a whole, along with other areas of open space nearby form one of the largest areas of continuous public open space in the borough.
Nature and habitats
Earlswood Common is a Local Nature Reserve (LNR) and also a Site of Nature Conservation Interest (SNCI). The area is a haven for wildlife and is used and enjoyed by many local people as it borders Woodhatch, Mead Vale, Redhill, Earlswood and South Earlswood and also linking with Salfords and the edge of Reigate.
Earlswood Common contains a variety of habitats including two large lakes, a number of smaller ponds, wetland corridors, scattered trees and woodland and semi-improved grassland which includes the nationally rare plant Chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile). The presence of Chamomile is one of the main reasons for the SNCI designation. Other species of interest include Dwarf Gorse (Ulex minor), acid grassland and Sedges.
Animal species seen on the Common include Roe deer, rabbits and foxes. The site is also important for bats, birds and many species of insects. In addition the wetland habitats make the site ideal for toads and frogs.
- Earlswood Common information boards - trees - (PDF document [2.6Mb])
- Earlswood Common information boards - birds and fish - (PDF document [1.8Mb])
- Earlswood Common leaflet - (PDF document [2.3Mb])
- Earlswood Common wildlife spotter sheet - (PDF document [214.3Kb]).
Evidence exists of human activity on the Common dating back thousands of years. This includes the remnants of a bowl barrow on this site and Bronze Age artefacts found in the area. The site was used for tile making in the Middle Ages.
The Lower Lake is the older of the two lakes. It is mentioned as early as 1363 and was used for swimming and skating at the end of the 19th Century, with maps of 1896 showing bathing boxes present on both lakes.
Earlswood Common was the site of the Reigate Workhouse in the 19th Century, and this later became Redhill Hospital.
Earlswood Common has many cultural links, and was mentioned by Charles Dickens in various articles that he wrote and the Common was home to George Eliot, another famous Victorian author, for a while.
Management of the Redhill and Earlswood Commons
The Earslwood Common Management Steering Group was set up a number of years ago to bring together many of the users of the Common so that issues and opportunities could be discussed and agreed upon, thus avoiding potential conflicts between different groups. It has recently been decided to increase the area of coverage of the Group to include all the former Redhill and Earslwood Commons. These include Redhill Common, Petridgewood Common and also New Pond Farm, Felland Copse and Lonesome Lane Recreation Ground.
The area of land that is now covered is one of the most significant areas of publicly accessible land within the Borough of Reigate and Banstead, and there are very many opportunities for the improvement of the area both for people and wildlife. Please see below the notes of the Steering Group, which meets twice or three times a year.
Minutes of the Redhill and Earlswood Commons Management Steering Group
Last updated : 16/04/2013